Thu Oct 14 2021
Evaluation of suPAR levels in patients with COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 Pneumonia: An observational cohort study
Among patients with chest infection who required hospitalization, suPAR was significantly higher on admission in those with COVID-19 when compared to patients with non-COVID-19. suPAR had a great prognostic ability for in-hospital mortality in the COVID-19 subgroup.
A single measurement of suPAR on admission can provide prognostic information for patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia. In the subgroup of patients with positive real-time PCR result for SARS-CoV2, suPAR was significantly higher and had an excellent prognostic value for the in-hospital mortality.
In daily clinical practice, suPAR is an easily measured inflammatory biomarker. Results can quickly be obtained on-site in many hospital settings, even in the emergency department, avoiding the need for samples to be passed through the clinical laboratory, or can even be obtained prior to hospitalization (time to result 20 min) guiding clinicians’ decisions.
The respiratory system is the main system affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and a great number of infected people need hospitalization. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a biomarker indicative of acute and chronic inflammation. Current literature supports that suPAR has great predictive ability for mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to compare the value of suPAR and other laboratory biomarkers in patients with chest infection and suspected COVID-19.
A total of 41 consecutive patients with chest infection were enrolled in the study and were assigned into two groups according to the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result for SARS-CoV-2. The two groups had no significant difference in baseline data (age, sex), arterial oxygen partial pressure (PO2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ratio and mortality.