Numerous published research studies show that with a suPARnostic® measurement between 0.1 to 3.0 ng/mL, a patient can be considered healthy, with no challenges to the immune system and no signs or symptoms of an opportunistic infection or inflammation.
At suPARnostic® measurements between 3.0 and 6.0 ng/mL, a patient’s immune system can be considered ‘negatively activated’ (by non-specific challenge), indicating a potential infection or high level of inflammation. In this case, the patient should be referred for further testing, as his/her condition will likely worsen to a possible critical infection or condition.
Finally, suPARnostic® measurements of 6.0 ng/mL to double digit levels can indicate a serious illness that is progressing rapidly to a critical situation. Patients with suPARnostic® levels above 15 ng/mL might generally be too sick to present themselves to clinics by their own strength. At this level the risk of mortality is very high.